Shivaji Jayanti- Facts, Significance and History

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti or Shivaji Jayanti is the birth anniversary of Maratha king Shivaji. Shivaji Jayanti is celebrated on February 19 every year in honor of the founder of the Maratha Kingdom. Chhatrapati Shivaji was one of the bravest, progressive and sensible monarchs of India.


Shivaji Jayanti is mainly a Maharashtrian holiday celebrated as a festival. A public holiday in the state is observed on this day. The day is usually celebrated with much enthusiasm and pride.


9 Forts That Prove Shivaji Maharaj Was The Greatest Ruler Maharashtra Ever Had



History


Shivaji Jayanti was started by Mahatma Jyoti Rao Phule in 1870. He discovered the tomb of Shivaji Maharaj on Raigad, which is around 100 km from Pune. The celebrations of Shivaji Jayanti were first inaugurated in Pune.


Shivaji Jayanti was taken forward by an esteemed freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak who brought the contributions of Shivaji Maharaj into the light and influenced people by highlighting the image of Shivaji Maharaj.


Shivaji Maharaj was named after the local Goddess Shivai, who blessed his mother by fulfilling her prayers for a son. Shivaji Maharaj, the creator of the Maratha kingdom is known for his administration, valour, and warfare tactics. He played a significant role in uniting the Maratha chiefs of the Mayal, Konkan, and Desh regions. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's role and contribution in Indian history make him a hero of the country.



Significance


Shivaji Jayanti is a statewide holiday in Maharashtra and celebrated with much pomp and fervor. The day also sees the celebration of the rich and diverse cultural heritage of the Marathas. People significantly remember the important contributions of great leader Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj on his Jayanti and tribute honor and thanks to him in the form of cultural celebrations. Shivaji Maharaj’s bravery and intellect will always cease to amaze and inspire people.



Shivaji promoted the use of the regional languages like Marathi and Sanskrit in court and administration and ditched the usual language of his time, Persian. The birthday of Shivaji Maharaj marks an opportunity to remember his significant role in forming the Maratha Empire. The coronation of Shivaji Maharaj as the Chhatrapati took place at the Raigad fort in 1674.



Facts about Shivaji Maharaj


Shivaji Maharaj or Shivaji Bhosale is known for creating an advanced and well-structured civil administration system. He carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur that became the foundation stone of the Maratha Empire.


He was named after a regional Goddess Shivai. According to popular legend, his mother prayed to the goddess for a son and was blessed with him. Shivaji Maharaj was formally crowned as the Chhatrapati, or emperor of the Maratha Empire, in 1674. The coronation took place at the Raigad fort.


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